Proper Adjectives for Nationalities

LLevel 3 has students from 10 different countries.  Pictured ares Turkish, Mexican, Korean, Italian, Indian, Serbian and Brazilian students. (photo by v.dolganiuc

Level 3 has students from 10 different countries!!                                                                                                 Pictured are Turkish, Mexican, Korean, Italian, Bangladeshi, Serbian and Brazilian students.
(photo by v.dolganiuc)

At CHOC, we have students from many different countries.  Nationalities are words used to describe someone or something from that particular country.

 The picture above is our fantastic Level 3 class.  The students are a wonderful example of all the nationalities represented at CHOC!! (Thank you, Vicky for taking the photo!!!)

Here is some information about proper adjectives to help you have a better understanding about the correct word for all the different nationalities.

* * * ** * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Words for countries are called proper nouns.  All proper nouns begin with a capital letter.

For example:  Brazil, Japan, Mexico, Wales

Words for nationalities are called proper adjectives.  All proper adjectives begin with a capital letter.

For Example:  

Maria is Brazilian.  (nationality)        She is from Brazil.   (country)

Lee is Japanese  (nationality)      He is from Japan.  (country)

Julia is Mexican.   (nationality)   She is from Mexico (country)

Frank is Welsh.  (nationality)    He comes from  Wales. (country)

(A person’s nationality often contains part or all of the  the name of the country.)

Below is a list of Countries and Nationalities from a great website

Country Proper Adjective  
Afghanistan Afghan
Albania Albanian
Algeria Algerian
Andorra Andorran
Angola Angolan
Argentina Argentinian
Armenia Armenian
Australia Australian
Austria Austrian
Azerbaijan Azerbaijani
Bahamas Bahamian
Bahrain Bahraini
Bangladesh Bangladeshi
Barbados Barbadian
Belarus Belarusian or Belarusan
Belgium Belgian
Belize Belizian
Benin Beninese
Bhutan Bhutanese
Bolivia Bolivian
Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnian
Botswana Botswanan
Brazil Brazilian
Britain British
Brunei Bruneian
Bulgaria Bulgarian
Burkina Burkinese
Burma (official nameMyanmar) Burmese
Burundi Burundian
Cambodia Cambodian
Cameroon Cameroonian
Canada Canadian
Cape Verde Islands Cape Verdean
Chad Chadian
Chile Chilean
China Chinese
Colombia Colombian
Congo Congolese
Costa Rica Costa Rican
Croatia Croat or Croatian
Cuba Cuban
Cyprus Cypriot
Czech Republic Czech
Denmark Danish
Djibouti Djiboutian
Dominica Dominican
Dominican Republic Dominican
Ecuador Ecuadorean
Egypt Egyptian
El Salvador Salvadorean
England English
Eritrea Eritrean
Estonia Estonian
Ethiopia Ethiopian
Fiji Fijian
Finland Finnish
France French
Gabon Gabonese
Gambia, the Gambian
Georgia Georgian
Germany German
Ghana Ghanaian
Greece Greek
Grenada Grenadian
Guatemala Guatemalan
Guinea Guinean
Guyana Guyanese
Haiti Haitian
Holland (also Netherlands) Dutch
Honduras Honduran
Hungary Hungarian
Iceland Icelandic
India Indian
Indonesia Indonesian
Iran Iranian
Iraq Iraqi
Ireland, Republic of Irish
Italy Italian
Jamaica Jamaican
Japan Japanese
Jordan Jordanian
Kazakhstan Kazakh
Kenya Kenyan
Korea see North Korea, South Korea
Kuwait Kuwaiti
Laos Laotian
Latvia Latvian
Lebanon Lebanese
Liberia Liberian
Libya Libyan
Lithuania Lithuanian
Macedonia Macedonian
Madagascar Malagasy or Madagascan
Malawi Malawian
Malaysia Malaysian
Maldives Maldivian
Mali Malian
Malta Maltese
Mauritania Mauritanian
Mauritius Mauritian
Mexico Mexican
Moldova Moldovan
Monaco Monégasque or Monacan
Mongolia Mongolian
Montenegro Montenegrin
Morocco Moroccan
Mozambique Mozambican
Myanmar see Burma
Namibia Namibian
Nepal Nepalese
Netherlands, the (seeHolland) Dutch
New Zealand New Zealand (used attributively only, as in New Zealand butter but not He is New Zealand)
Nicaragua Nicaraguan
Niger Nigerien
Nigeria Nigerian
North Korea North Korean
Norway Norwegian
Oman Omani
Pakistan Pakistani
Panama Panamanian
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinean orGuinean
Paraguay Paraguayan
Peru Peruvian
the Philippines Philippine
Poland Polish
Portugal Portuguese
Qatar Qatari
Romania Romanian
Russia Russian
Rwanda Rwandan
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian or Saudi
Scotland Scottish
Senegal Senegalese
Serbia Serb or Serbian
Seychelles, the Seychellois
Sierra Leone Sierra Leonian
Singapore Singaporean
Slovakia Slovak
Slovenia Slovene or Slovenian
Solomon Islands
Somalia Somali
South Africa South African
South Korea South Korean
Spain Spanish
Sri Lanka Sri Lankan
Sudan Sudanese
Suriname Surinamese
Swaziland Swazi
Sweden Swedish
Switzerland Swiss
Syria Syrian
Taiwan Taiwanese
Tajikistan Tajik or Tadjik
Tanzania Tanzanian
Thailand Thai
Togo Togolese
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidadian
Tunisia Tunisian
Turkey Turkish
Turkmenistan Turkmen or Turkoman
Tuvali Tuvaluan
Uganda Ugandan
Ukraine Ukrainian
United Arab Emirates (UAE) UAE or Emirates (used attributively only, as in UAE buildings, Emirates holidaysbut not He is UAE, I am Emiratesor Emirati
United Kingdom (UK) UK (used attributively only, as in UK time but not He is UKor British
United States of America (USA) US (used attributively only, as in US aggression but notHe is US)
Uruguay Uruguayan
Uzbekistan Uzbek
Vanuata Vanuatuan
Vatican City
Venezuela Venezuelan
Vietnam Vietnamese
Wales Welsh
Western Samoa Western Samoan
Yemen Yemeni
Yugoslavia Yugoslav
Zaire Zaïrean
Zambia Zambian
Zimbabwe Zimbabwean



8 thoughts on “Proper Adjectives for Nationalities

  1. I have a little ambiguity regarding usage of Proper Adjective as a NOUN.
    For Example,
    He is a Canadian man.
    In the above example, the word canadian is a proper Adjective.
    I met a Canadian. Here, isnt it used as NOUN. Am i correct?

    1. In your example, Canadian can be used both as a proper adjective or a noun. Many nationalities are like this example. However, many others have different words for the noun vs adjective. He is Polish. He is a Pole. She is French. She is a Frenchwoman.
      Look at this website for a table that lists both nationality nouns and adjectives

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *