All About Fall

 

(image via Wikimedia Commons)

Over time, the ESL blogs have posted many interesting posts about the fall season and recurring events that happen in the fall.  Each of them teach you something about fall but also help improve your English. 

Please take a look. 

 

Fall Season 

Seasonal Events

Fall Holidays 

Use the Library to Improve Your English

Libraries are wonderful resources that help all learners but especially those learning English.  With a library card you can check out books  and audio books, use their computer resources and participate in their community programs. 

Here is information on how to get a library card and some of their services.

How Do I Get a Library Card and What Can I Do with It?

Wake County Library cards are available to all residents of Wake County.

To get your library card:

  1. Find your nearest library branch at www.wakegov.com/libraries/locations
  2. Apply in person for your library card. You will need:
  • Any official photo ID (Wake Tech Student ID, North Carolina ID card, North Carolina Driver’s License, US Passport, International Passport or International ID Card)
  • IF Your ID does not include your address: You will also need a piece of mail with your name and your Wake County address printed by a computer (water bill, credit card statement, power bill etc.)
  1. The librarian will give you your card and you will choose a PIN. Hang on to your card and remember your PIN, you’ll need it to access services!

Using the Library in Person:

  1. Borrow books for 2 weeks at a time to take home with you. Find books for you and the whole family! (You can renew books for 2 more weeks, but don’t return them late or else you’ll have to pay a fine!)
  2. Read reference books in the library
  3. Read magazines & newspapers in the library
  4. Use the computers with internet for free
  5. Use wifi on your personal computer or smartphone for free
  6. Print items inexpensively in black and white or color
  7. Participate in free events for adults and children in the library. Check the calendar at: www.wakegov.com/libraries/events

Using the Library’s Digital Services:

  1. Look up book availability before you go, and manage your loans with the Library Catalog at: https://catalog.wakegov.com/
  2. Find research and academic articles in the library databases at: http://guides.wakegov.com/wcpldbs

Using your Smartphone to Borrow eBooks and Audiobooks:

  1. Download the application Libby by searching for it in the App Store or Google Play Store
  2. Or Download the application through the weblink https://meet.libbyapp.com/
  3. Select your library “Wake County Public Library” or enter your zip code
  4. Log in using your library card number and your PIN
  5. Search for and borrow eBooks or Audiobooks that are currently available, or place a hold to wait for a book that will be available in the future.
  6. Use the app to read eBooks or listen to audiobooks!

Welcome Back From Summer Break and Hello Hurricane Florence

Our sites are just starting to welcome students back and suddenly Hurricane Florence changes all our plans! However it is a good time to learn some more about hurricanes and tropical storms.  

First, thanks to teacher, Jess MacDonald, who provided so much of this information.

Vocabulary 

tropical depression: a tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface wind speed (using the U.S. 1-minute average) is 38 mph or 62 km/hr or less.

tropical storm: a tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface wind speed (using the U.S. 1-minute average) ranges from 39 mph or 63 km/hr to 73 mph or 118 km/hr.

hurricane: a severe tropical cyclone with maximum sustained surface wind (using the U.S. 1-minute average) is 74 mph or 119 km/hr or more, heavy rains, enormous waves, and subsequent flooding that can damage buildings and beaches. It is an area of low pressure around which winds blow counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere. The term hurricane is used for Northern Hemisphere tropical cyclones east of the International Dateline to the Greenwich Meridian. The term typhoon is used for Pacific tropical cyclones north of the Equator west of the International Dateline. The term cyclone is used for Indian Ocean tropical cyclones.

Eye- the center of the hurricane, which can be calm in the surrounding storm

FEMA– Federal Emergency Management Agency

Flooding: a large amount of water covering an area of land that is usually dry

Flood zone: an area that is lower or close to a water source, that can be likely to flood during heavy rains.

inland flooding: While the storm surge is related to the winds of the hurricane, inland flooding is more often a result of rainfall. Often during a hurricane, the storm will stall over an area resulting in enough rainfall to flood inland areas.

storm surge: The storm surge is the water on the coast that is pushed in by hurricane winds. This water exaggerates the normal tides, so that the water level can rise as much as 15 feet or more. The storm surge can cause coastal flooding. The amount of the storm surge is determined by the slope of the land offshore, as well as, the strength of the hurricane.

hurricane hazards: Hazards created by a hurricane including storm surge, heavy rains and high winds.

hurricane preparedness: a plan or action to ensure safety and maximize comfort in hurricane conditions.

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale- a scale of 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane’s sustained wind speed. This scale estimates potential property damage. Hurricanes reaching Category 3 and higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage.

Voluntary evacuation- when the government requests that you leave the area where the storm will hit, but you are not required to leave

Mandatory evacuation– when the government requires you to leave the area where the storm will hit because it will be very dangerous for you to stay where you are

State of Emergency- When the government declares that there are conditions that could require emergency support and action to help people.  This allows the government to spend money and send personnel to assist citizens, but it does not necessarily mean that there is immediate danger.

 

 Hurricane Preparedness

 

Consider

 

  1. What supplies do you have at your house already to prepare yourself for a hurricane?
  2. What supplies should you purchase today or tomorrow for a hurricane?
  3. How familiar are you and your family with emergency plans?
  4. What are your employer’s expectations about you coming to work in a storm?  
  5. Where can you go to ask for help if you need it after a hurricane?  Who can you call?

Are you signed up for Wake Tech Warn to receive emergency phone updates from the college?

Breaking News – News Sites Useful for ESL Students

A great way to improve your English is to read newspapers or listen to the news. However sometimes the level of English in news can be challenging.  Keep current on news using these sites:

  • Breaking News English –  A new lesson every two days based on stories currently in the news. There are 7 learner  levels available, from elementary to advanced. There are reading, listening and other learning activities available.
  • Times For Kids –  Don’t be mislead by the title – it’s not kiddie stuff. Current national and global topics are discussed. You have the ability to dynamically change reading level of an article by using a pull down menu selector at top left of article page. Try this article that explains the recent  Facebook data breach .
  • Smithsonian Tween Tribune – has articles on  current events, history, art, culture and science.  You can filter articles by grade level. However, while looking at an article you can adjust even more  the reading level  you want, making it a bit easier or more challenging. 
  • News in Level – articles are available in 3 different reading levels. Actual news videos are often attached at highest level. 

New Writing Section and Links

 

Please check out our newest section of links, “Writing” on the right hand side of the blog. It’s toward the bottom so don’t miss it.  There many exciting links that can help you with punctuation, writing styles, common writing errors AND even help you write a resume.

Writing is a difficult skill even for native Americans but it’s a very important one. Use these links to improve your writing.

Weather on the Mind

We’ve had some crazy weather in January.  If you want to  talk about the weather with others, use the blog for some activities that will help your with your vocabulary, speaking and listening skills.

Screen shot by M.Yanez

 

First, click on “Online Resources” on the top menu bar under the English Blog Header

Then  click on “Practice Sites”  – a page that has activities for MANY topics

 

 

 

 

 Finally scroll down to the bottom of the page and look for the “Weather” heading   and then try some of the items there. 

 

 

 

If you like learning using  videos, click on “Fun Stuff” on the top menu bar. 

Then click on  “Great Video”s. 

 

 

Again scroll down to the bottom of the page and look for the “Weather” heading. 

Learn English with Wonderful Interactive Books

I’ve recently found a new site that has some wonderful interactive books that help you learn verb tenses and other English topics.

The website, Let’s Have Fun with English, is hosted by Mrs. Haquet, a British teacher, so there is a bit of a British (UK) feel to the spelling and grammar but the American (US) version is also given. Here are the current Interactive books.

Basics Verb Tense + Topic Holidays
Numbers Present Be and Personality
Pronouns and Possessive Adjectives Present Simple Have /Have got
Adverbs of Frequency and Chores Present Simple (Be and Have) and Physical Descriptions St. Valentine’s Day
Comparatives Present Simple and Time and Daily Routines St. Patrick’s Day
 Prepositions of location and Places in Town Present Simple (like, love, hate) and Hobbies Halloween
Rooms in a House Present Simple vs Present Continuous Thanksgiving
Can (Talents) Present Simple /Present Continuous and Jobs Christmas
Must and Mustn’t Present Simple /Present Continuous and Clothes
Simple Past and Dates
Present Perfect  and  Countries
4 Verb tenses and Asking Questions

Be sure to try out the interactive vocabulary exercises too!

The link to this website can always be found on  under English Lesson Online, More English Online page.

Just a Cold

I was sick this week but let me tell you about it using those pesky idioms or phrases that are so hard to understand!

First of all, I was fit as a fiddle (feeling healthy) on Sunday when I had friends over for dinner.  I did notice that I had a little frog in my throat (difficulty speaking because  throat feels dry) and I had to clear my throat several times (cough lightly to regain normal voice). I thought I was just laughing too much but it was the first symptoms of my cold.

On Monday, I woke up feeling under the weather (not feeling well). I had a hoarse voice  (raspy sounding) and a sore throat. I was definitely coming down with something  (the start of an illness) and it turned out that I caught a cold  (get a cold). I started coughing but it wasn’t too bad at first.

That night, the cough kept coming back and waking me up.  I woke up on Tuesday with a stuffy nose. I kept needing to blow my nose  (attempt to clear nose) all day and I started to sneeze too.

On Wednesday , I took a turn for the worse (get sicker) and by Thursday I was as sick as a dog (extremely unwell). I had a racking cough (a dry, frequent, violent, cough) that didn’t let me sleep and knocked me out (made extremely tired).

I kept trying all sorts of remedies, cough drops, cough syrup, hot teas with lemon and honey, aspirin, lots of fluids and of course Mom’s chicken soup. I ate quite a bit of spicy Chinese food in an attempt to feed a cold and stave a fever .Finally some maximum strength cough suppressant and sudafed turned the tide (made a change).

Finally, I’m on the road to recovery (feeling better) and soon I will be the picture of health (example of good health). 

I hope my cold helped you understand some of these health idioms a bit better.

Take care of yourselves… there is a bug going around (infection being passed)