The Grand Canyon

The Grand Canyon

photo credit: Grand Canyon via photopin (license)

This week, we’re going west to the Grand Canyon. A canyon is a very long, very deep hole in the earth. Usually, there is a river at the bottom of the hole. Over time, the water in the river carries away the dirt from the land and digs deeper into the earth. Over a very long time (many, many, many, many, many years), the river digs so far down that a canyon forms. A canyon has high, straight walls.

The Grand Canyon is the largest canyon in the United States and one of the biggest in the world. It is not the deepest canyon, but it is very deep – 6,000 feet  (1.8 km) at its deepest point.

Do you want to know more about the Grand Canyon? Listen to this, and try to answer the questions below.

  1. Where is the Grand Canyon (which state)?
  2. What formed the canyons in the south-western part of the United States?
  3. How big is the Grand Canyon?
  4. What is the name of the river at the bottom of the Grand Canyon?
  5. How long ago did the Grand Canyon begin to form?
  6. What kinds of rock can you find in the Grand Canyon?
  7. When did Native Americans live in the Grand Canyon?
  8. Name 3 Native American tribes that have lived in the area?
  9. For how many months did John Wesley Powell and his group travel through the Grand Canyon?
  10. When did tourists begin visiting the Grand Canyon?
  11. How many people visit the Grand Canyon each year?
  12. Finish this quote: “Take only ______________. Leave only _______________.”
  13. What is the Skywalk?
  14. How much does it cost to use the Skywalk?
  15. How do people feel when they visit the Grand Canyon?

Listen again, and check your answers. If you need help with the listening, click here for the script. Check your answers in the comments section!

Your Turn

How did you do? Were you able to answer all of the questions? What else would you like to learn about the Grand Canyon? Search the internet for more information, or plan a trip to see it in person!

Have you visited the Grand Canyon? Tell us about it in the comments!

2 thoughts on “The Grand Canyon

  1. Here are the answers to the questions:
    1. Arizona
    2. rivers
    3. 450 km
    4. the Colorado River
    5. 40 million years
    6. granite, schist, limestone, sandstone
    7. 3,000 years ago
    8. Hopi, Paiute, Navajo
    9. 3 months
    10. 1901, when the railroad was built
    11. more than 5 million
    12. photographs/footprints
    13. a glass walkway
    14. $25
    15. small, peaceful

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