Part 1: The Citizenship Process (Answers)

Welcome to the United States A Guide for New Immigrants

1. Why Become a US Citizen? Name three of the twelve reasons given.

 Showing your patriotism. Becoming a citizen is a way to demonstrate your commitment to your new country.

Voting. Only citizens can vote in federal elections. Most states also restrict the right to vote, in most elections, to U.S. citizens.

Serving on a jury. Only U.S. citizens can serve on a federal jury. Most states also restrict jury service to U.S. citizens. Serving on a jury is an important responsibility for U.S. citizens.

Traveling with a U.S. passport. A U.S. passport enables you to get assistance from the U.S. government when overseas, if necessary.

Bringing family members to the U.S. U.S. citizens generally get priority when petitioning to bring family members permanently to this country.

Obtaining citizenship for children born abroad. In most cases, a child born abroad to a U.S. citizen is automatically a U.S. citizen.

Becoming eligible for federal jobs. Certain jobs with government agencies require U.S. citizenship.

Becoming an elected official. Only citizens can run for federal office (U.S. Senate or House of Representatives) and for most state and local offices.

Keeping your residency. A U.S. citizen’s right to remain in the United States cannot be taken away.

Becoming eligible for federal grants and scholarships. Many financial aid grants, including college scholarships and funds given by the government for specific purposes, are available only to U.S. citizens.

Obtaining government benefits. Some government benefits are available only to U.S. citizens.

2. What is the process of becoming a US citizen called?

  • Naturalization.

3. What are the six general requirements you must meet to become a US Citizen?

The general requirements for naturalization are:

  • Live in the U.S. as a permanent resident for a specific amount of time (Continuous Residence).
  • Be present in the U.S. for specific time periods (Physical Presence).
  • Spend specific amounts of time in your state or USCIS district (Time in State or USCIS District).
  • Behave in a legal and acceptable manner (Good Moral Character).
  • Know English and information about U.S. history and government (English and Civics).
  • Understand and accept the principles of the U.S. Constitution (Attachment to the Constitution).


Becoming a US Citizen: An Overview of the Naturalization Process Movie

  1. To be eligible for naturalization what must you do?
  • File an application, take the test, and live in the United States for five years or three years if married to a US Citizen.

2. List two of the items the video says you must do to be eligible for naturalization.

  • Pay Income tax
  • Sign up for selective service
  • Let USCIS know if you move
  • Maintain US residence
  • Maintain physical presence in the United States

3. List two of the items the video says you must not do to be eligible for naturalization.

  • Avoid behavior that is not of good moral character
  • Don’t lie
  • Don’t commit a crime