Part 4.1: The Constitution + Bill of Rights + Amendments (Answers)

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Part 4.1: The Constitution + Bill of Rights + Amendments

New vocabulary in this section:

  • supreme: the highest or most important
  • self-government: the people of a country control their own government
  • amendments: changes or additions to the Constitution
  • rule of law: the idea that the law applies equally to all persons, and no one is “above the law”
  • Bill of Rights: the first ten Amendments to the Constitution
  • Constitution: the document that sets out the United States Government and the rights of our people
  • Founding Fathers: the politicians and scholars who wrote the Constitution
  • Federalist Papers: a document written by Jay, Madison and Hamilton to support the Constitution
  • Benjamin Franklin: the oldest member of the Constitutional Convention, who was also a US diplomat, author, and creator of the first Post Office and free libraries in America

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

  • The Constitution was written.
  • The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

66. When was the Constitution written?

  • 1787

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

  • (James) Madison
  • (Alexander) Hamilton
  • (John) Jay
  • Publius

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

  • U.S. diplomat
  • oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
  • first Postmaster General of the United States
  • writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
  • started the first free libraries

1. What is the supreme law of the land?

  • the Constitution

2. What does the Constitution do?

  • sets up the government
  • defines the government
  • protects basic rights of Americans

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

  • We the People

4. What is an amendment?

  • a change (to the Constitution)
  • an addition (to the Constitution)

5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

  • the Bill of Rights

6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?

  • speech
  • religion
  • assembly
  • press
  • petition the government

7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?

  • twenty-seven (27)

9. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

  • freedom of expression
  • freedom of speech
  • freedom of assembly
  • freedom to petition the government
  • freedom of worship
  • the right to bear arms

11. What is the economic system in the United States?

  • capitalist economy
  • market economy

12. What is the “rule of law”?

  • Everyone must follow the law.
  • Leaders must obey the law.
  • Government must obey the law.
  • No one is above the law.