Comparatives / Superlatives

As soon as you can start using adjectives to describe people and things, you can begin to compare them.  When we compare two items, we use the comparative form of adjectives.

If  an adjective is a one syllable word we make the comparative by adding -er.   If the adjective ends in one vowel and one consonant, double the consonant before adding -er.

  • cheap -> cheaper
  • old -> older
  • big -> bigger
  • thin -> thinner

If the word ends in -y, change -y to -i and add -er

  • funny  -> funnier
  • happy -> happier

If the adjective has 3 or more syllables, we make the comparative by using more before the word

  • comfortable -> more comfortable
  • interesting -> more interesting

The tricky words are 2 syllable words:  some  (especially ending in -y) add -er for the comparatives, others use more.  Some adjectives use both forms.

  • angry -> angrier
  • silent -> more silent
  • quiet -> quieter, more quiet
  • friendly -> friendlier, more friendly

Finally there are some irregular comparatives:

  • good -> better
  • bad -> worse
  • far ->   farther / further

When we compare more than two things we use the superlative form.  Instead of -er, we use -est, instead of more, we use most.

  • angry -> angriest
  • silent -> most silent
  • quiet -> quietest, most quiet
  • friendly -> friendliest, most friendly

The irregulars are similar

  • good -> best
  • bad -> worst
  • far ->   farthest / furthest

These videos can help you learn the forms.

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