Parts of Speech: ADJECTIVES and ADVERBS

Forest (photo by WT instructor JLN)

Forest (photo by WT instructor JLN)

To end our series on parts of speech, let’s look at adjectives and adverbs.

Adjectives are words that describe a noun. They usually answer the question “What kind?” or “What is it like?”

The forest is green. The forest is peaceful. The path is straight.

These words describe the forest.

 

 

We have several great posts about adjectives. Take a look:

  1. What are Adjectives? (Beginning)
  2. Using Adjectives (Beginning/Intermediate)
  3. Adjectives for Nationalities (All Levels)
  4. Adjective Antonyms and Synonyms (Intermediate/Advanced)
  5. Kinds of Adjectives (Advanced)
Takoyaki (photo by WT instructor JLN)

Takoyaki (photo by WT instructor JLN)

 

Adverbs describe a verb.

The machine cooks slowly.

We finely chop the cabbage.

We cook Japanese food poorly.

 

They can also describe an adjective.

  • Yo-Yo Ma is an extremely talented cello player.
  • His music is immensely popular.

Adverbs answer the questions “How?” “When?” and “Where?”

Most adverbs end in -ly. You can form adverbs by adding -ly to an adjective:

  • Nice –> Nicely
  • Cruel –> Cruelly
  • Beautiful –> Beautifully
  • Intense –> Intensely
  • Thirsty –> Thirstily
  • Poor –> Poorly

Some exceptions are:

good –> well

fast –> fast

You speak English well. You play the piano well. He runs fast (or quickly).

For more explanations, click on this link.

For good practice on both adverbs and adjectives, click here.

Finally, for an advanced discussion on kinds of adverbs, click here.

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