A couple of weeks ago, we started talking about health problems. This week, we’re going to learn some more vocabulary and practice some conversations. We will focus on accidents that children have. If your child has an accident, it is important to know how to talk to the doctor about it.
- bump (v) – to hit, probably not hard (past = bumped)
(n) – a raised area on the skin, probably where it was hit, especially on the head
- whack (v) – to hit, probably hard (past = whacked)
- cut (v) – to break or tear with something sharp (past = cut)
(n) – a place where the skin is broken or torn and blood is coming out
- scrape (v) – to rub (skin) against something rough or sharp (past = scraped)
(n) – a place where the skin is red and irritated because it was rubbed against something rough
bruise (n) – a red, black, blue, and/or purple place on the skin caused by hitting it against something
(v) – to create a red, black, blue, and/or purple place on the skin by hitting it against something (past = bruised)
- bone (n) – a hard, white part of the body inside the skin; a piece of the skeleton
- fall (v) – to go down from a high place accidentally (past = fell)
(n) – an accident when someone goes down from a high place suddenly
- burn (v) – to injure the skin by touching something very hot (past = burned)
(n) – a place on the skin that hurts because it touched something very hot
- scald (v) – to burn with a hot liquid (past = scalded)
- choke (v) – to be unable to breathe because something is stuck in the throat/airway (past = choked)
In these conversations, a parent (mom or dad) is talking to a pediatrician (doctor for a child). They are talking about a child. Practice these conversations with a friend or classmate.
Doctor: How did he scrape his knee?
Parent: He was running outside, and he fell.
Doctor: Did he bump his head when he fell?
Parent: No, he didn’t.
Doctor: What happened to her face?
Parent: She fell and whacked her face on the coffee table. Do you think she’s okay?
Doctor: Yes, it just looks like a scrape.
Doctor: What happened?
Parent: Well, he touched a hot pot on the stove and burned his fingers. Then he fell backwards and bumped his head on the dishwasher. I turned around quickly to help him, and as I was turning, I hit the pot, it fell off the stove, and the water scalded both of us.
Doctor: Oh no! At least there weren’t any knives.
Parent: No, thank goodness.
Use the words above to write another conversation between a parent and a pediatrician.
Talk about your answers to these questions with your classmates.
- What is the most dangerous thing in your home for a child? What can you do to make it more safe?
- What can a parent do to childproof (make safe for a child) the different rooms of the home? (kitchen, bathroom, living room, bedroom, laundry room, garage, yard)
- Do you have a first-aid kit at home? What is in it?
- Do you know the phone number for poison control? Why/When would you call poison control?
- How do you call an ambulance in your country? How do you call an ambulance in the United States?
For more information about emergencies and calling 9-1-1, read this post. It also has more discussion questions for you!