Five Things to Check in Your Writing

photo by WTCC instructor ecparent

For many students, writing in English is very difficult. You can understand when you read, and people can understand you when you speak, but your teacher always finds MANY mistakes in your writing. How can you improve your writing?

First, when your teacher corrects your writing, ask WHY. Why was my writing wrong? Why did you change it? Why is this way correct? Your teacher can explain the corrections, and the next time you write, you might not make the same mistakes again.

Second, is your teacher correcting the same mistakes again and again? Pay attention! When your teacher corrects your writing, study it. Don’t just throw it away.

Five Things You Can Check

Now, here are 5 things you can check by yourself before you turn in your writing. When you finish a writing assignment, make sure you can answer YES to all of these questions.

  1. Does every sentence start with a capital letter?
  2. Does every sentence end with a period, question mark, or exclamation point?
  3. Does every sentence have at least one subject and one verb?
  4. Does every subject have at least one verb?
  5. Does every verb have at least one subject?

Let’s look at each one a little more.

Start a Sentence with a Capital Letter/End with a Period

The first letter of every sentence should be a capital letter. It is not important what the word is. For other rules about capital letters, here is a good article. Most sentences end with a period (.), but some end with a question mark (?) or an exclamation point (!).

A comma (,) NEVER ends a sentence. When you use a period, question mark, or exclamation point, you are probably at the end of a sentence, so your next letter should be capital.

Many times, when you have a new subject and a new verb, you should also have a new sentence.

Subjects and Verbs

The subject of a sentence is usually the thing or person doing the verb. Look at this sentence:

The baby played.

In the sentence, we have a person (the baby) and an action (played). The baby is the person who is doing the action. “The baby” is the subject of this sentence.

Some sentences have two (or more) subjects and one verb because both of the subjects are doing the same action.

The baby and her brother played.

In this sentence, two people played – the baby (subject 1) and her brother (subject 2).

Some sentences have one subject and two (or more) verbs because one person is doing more than one action.

The baby played and danced.

In this sentence, we have one subject – the baby. The baby did two actions. If we want to write two sentences, we can.

The baby played. The baby danced.

Or if we want to put those two sentences together with “and,” that’s fine too.

The baby played, and the baby danced.

But if you don’t want to repeat “the baby,” you can simply write it one time and have two verbs.

The baby played and danced.

Of course, we can also have multiple subjects and multiple verbs.

The baby and her brother played and danced.

In this example, two people BOTH did two actions.

The rules are that every sentence needs at least one subject and one verb, every subject needs at least one verb, and every verb needs at least one subject. Look at some examples of incorrect sentences to help you understand.

  • The baby and her brother. – Here we have 2 subjects, but no verbs.
  • Played and danced. – Here we have no subject, but 2 verbs.
  • The baby with her brother. – “With” is not a verb.
  • I took care of the baby while danced. – This sentence is confusing because it is not clear who danced. We have a verb, “danced,” but I don’t know if the subject is “I” or “the baby.”

Your Turn

Read this paragraph, and ask the 5 questions above. Can you correct 10 mistakes with capital letters, periods, subjects, and verbs?

i think Katherine Blake knows the rules for a successful job interview she wears professional clothes and looks Mr. Brashov in the eye. she about her experience, and she takes her resumè. she shakes Mr. Brashov’s hand Rosa doesn’t shake his hand. Katherine very professional and nice she is good in the interview.

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